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Rubin Anatomia Patologica Pdf Free




From the author: "A patient who has an abnormal prostate, with no mass visible on examination, and also complains of difficulty urinating and who has urological symptoms, should be carefully investigated for an underlying prostate carcinoma. The clinical features of this tumour may resemble those of prostatitis, benign prostatic hypertrophy, prostatic cancer or other urologic malignancies."? Page 10. This allows to take into account all the diseases that can appear in the region of the prostate, especially the hematologic and biliar diseases, as well as the urinary tract tumors. Surveillance of the prostatic glands by palpation, by the clinical examination and by imaging methods may help to detect tumours that appear in this organ. In fact, the prostatic cancer may not be diagnosed until it is at a very advanced stage. 1.1 Pathology The prostate is a gland located at the posterior portion of the urogenital diaphragm, right beneath the rectum, between the bladder and the rectum. Cancer of the prostate is the most common cancer that affects men, with approximately 1.2 million new cases every year. It is the fourth most common cancer in the world, after lung, colorectal and breast cancers. According to the facts, the risk of developing this tumor increases with age, reaching a peak at 70 years of age. The incidence of prostate cancer is fairly low in younger men. The term prostate tumor refers to neoplasms that affect the prostate gland. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the most common benign neoplasm in males; the latter refers to the increased size of prostatic tissue (incompetent or hypertrophied gland). When this tissue becomes hyperplastic (inconsistent with normal tissue), it is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Prostatic adenoma is a non-invasive neoplasm that only involves the gland itself. Adenocarcinoma of the prostate, the most common form of prostatic malignancy, is a neoplasm that results in the invasion of neighboring organs and tissues. Prostatic carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm that invades adjacent tissues and organs. Fig. 1 Types of Prostatic Neoplasms. The upper line in each case shows the usual appearance of the neoplasm; the lower line shows the features of a highly aggressive neoplasm. PPT = papp




Rubin Anatomia Patologica Pdf Free

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